Reducing the risk of disasters in South Asia

Strategy: In light of the growing prevalence of natural disasters and increased vulnerability to climate change in South Asia, the European Union delegation to Nepal hosted a regional conference on disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation on Kathmandu, on May 26-27.

The conference was organised in collaboration with the International Union for Conservation of Nature, Centre for South Asian Studies, and DAI Europe.

South Asia is one of the most vulnerable to natural disasters and to the impacts of climate change. At the same time, the region is home to creative initiatives which can inspire the rest of the world. With new international commitments, such as the Paris Agreements signed in April, 2016, there is renewed momentum for more efforts. During the two-day conference, government officials joined with experts, practitioners and journalists to share emergent solutions.

This unique opportunity was successful in highlighting new pathways for the region. Speaking as chief guest, the deputy Prime Minister of Nepal, Bhim Rawal, said that while “all of us in the region are facing one or the other type of natural disasters, there has till date, been very little concrete done to put in place a regional response mechanism and a collaborative approach. We need to redouble efforts among SAARC countries to carefully analyse, prioritise, plan and implement action plans so that there is appropriate information sharing amongst us.”

The European Union has been a long-standing partner to South Asian nations. By supporting targeted events which bring together institutions, civil society, think tanks and other actors, South Asia as a region is able to envision change and celebrate successes.

Rensje Teerink, EU Ambassador to Nepal and to SAARC, said: “I am confident that the Conference deliberations will be instrumental in designing additional DRR and Climate Change Adaptation-related projects within the larger SAARC development framework”.

The conference dwelt on common challenges faced by the region such as the tsunami in Sri Lanka and the Maldives, massive flooding in Uttarakhand in India and in Bangladesh, earthquakes in Pakistan and in Nepal and the regular episodes of humanitarian disasters and massive casualties despite of all efforts of the governments. Conference participants stressed the importance of shifting from a state of victimhood, into a harbour of best practices for the rest of the world.

The role of the media in reducing the risk of and responding to natural disasters was also highlighted. Journalists from Sri Lanka, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh and India were present at the event. Participants discussed the need to look at natural disasters as a news event, striving for a humanisation, accuracy and timeliness in reporting. The media was also noted to play a role in disseminating and facilitating the implementation of strategies and programmes, as well as raising awareness among the public.

Regionally, the effects of climate change have been felt in more ways than just natural disasters. Speakers also discussed on how climate change is impacting water and food security, and how women and the poor are often most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. They shared practical examples of how these situations have been addressed and the lessons learnt along the path.

The European Union funds the Global Climate Change Alliance+ (GCCA+), benefitting south Asia, which operates on a total budget of Euro 300 million worldwide to help ensure that those most vulnerable to climate change are able to increase their capacity to adapt to the effects of climate change.

It also takes into account climate resilience and promotes energy efficiency in its development programmes. Through its humanitarian programmes managed by the European Community Humanitarian Office, it works actively to prevent and address disasters, including by promoting risk-reduction activities in the communities.

The European Union reiterated its commitment to continue supporting climate change adaptation and mitigation, as well as disaster risk reduction in South Asia and around the world.

Overall, through this event, participants proposed new ways of moving forward into an uncertain future and a changing climate. Bringing together key people from around South Asia proved to be a successful way of fostering mutual learning.

Staff reporter

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