Tashi Tagye (བཀྲ་ཤིས་རྟགས་བརྒྱད་) or aṣṭamaṅgala refers to the eight signs of auspiciousness which are known in Indian religions including Buddhism. They are associated with different parts of the Buddha’s body and also shown as hand implements (ཕྱག་མཚན་) of eight offering goddesses. They also symbolize auspicious topics and enlightened qualities. The signs are commonly carved, printed or painted on different surfaces in Bhutan for different purposes.

Jewelled Parasol (རིན་ཆེན་གདུགས་མཆོག་)

The parasol decorated with precious jewels represents the Buddha’s unfathomable head. It also signifies the many umbrellas, parasols and canopies offered to the Buddha by the celestial and human kings and the Buddha blessed it as a symbol of protection from the heat of suffering. The parasol with its silken cloth, golden shaft and the jewel ornaments represents the various aspects of the Buddha’s teachings, which give peaceful solace and protection from suffering.

Auspicious Golden Fish (བཀྲ་ཤིས་སེར་ཉ་)

The golden fishes represents the Buddha’s compassionate and clairvoyant eyes, and the agility and swiftness of the Buddha’s enlightened spirit. The two fishes symbolize the two types of penetrating and transcendental wisdom of the Buddha. They are also said to symbolize the two great rivers Ganga and Yamuna, solar and lunar powers, fertility and abundance, wisdom and compassion.

Wish-fulfilling Vase (འདོད་འཇོའི་བུམ་བཟང་)

The wish-granting vase represents the Buddha’s throat, which is considered an inexhaustible treasury of vast and profound teachings. It also symbolizes the wealth of spiritual qualities, a container of nectar for immortality, and in the worldly sense, a receptacle filled with the essence of various riches.

Beautiful Lotus (ཡིད་འོང་ཀ་མ་ལ་)

The lotus flower represents the tongue of the Buddha which is free from flaws of speech, is endowed with the eloquence and other good qualities, and which relishes the profound taste of the dharma. Just as the lotus is not sullied by its muddy environment but thrives in it, the Buddha thrives in the world unaffected by it. Thus, it symbolizes purity and immaculate existence.

Conch (སྙན་གྲགས་དུང་དཀར་)

The conch shell, which spirals clockwise, represents the deep, melodious and pervasive voice of the Buddha and the sound of dharma which awakens sentient beings from the slumber of ignorance. The conch shell was offered to the Buddha by Indra to request him ‘to turn the wheel of dharma’ or teach and hence blessed by the Buddha as an auspicious sign. It symbolizes fearlessness and resounding victory

Eternal Knot (ཕུན་ཚོགས་དཔལ་བེའུ་)

The endless know represents the profound and mystical nature of the Buddha’s heart or mind. Its intertwining structure symbolizes the interdependence and interpenetration of reality and the complex and intricate nature of all phenomena. The eternal and endless design indicates the immutable and adamantine state of enlightenment and ultimate nature of things.

Victory Banner (མི་ནུབ་རྒྱལ་མཚན་)

The banner of victory represents the Buddha’s body and his victory over the four kinds of evil forces and other opponents. Originally based on the use of banners in warfare, the victory banner in the Buddhist context symbolizes the victory of positive virtuous forces over negative ones and the invincibility of an enlightened being.

The Wheel of dharma (དབང་བསྒྱུར་འཁོར་ལོ་)

The wheel of dharma represents the Buddha’s feet on which is clearly embossed the pattern of a wheel, one of thirty-two marks of an enlightened person. Besides, Brahma is said to have offered a thousand-spoked wheel to the Buddha in order to ask him to teach or turn the wheel of dharma. The Buddha blessed the wheel as an auspicious symbol and used the wheel as metaphor for his spiritual teachings. Just as a Universal Monarch is said to possess a wheel which would lead his military forces and subjugate this opponents, the Buddha used his teachings to lead his disciples and subdue the negative forces.

Dr Karma Phuntsho is the President of the Loden Foundation, director of Shejun Agency for Bhutan’ Cultural Documentation and author The History of Bhutan.


Skip to toolbar